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2021一级消防工程师技术实务考点:辨识危险性

发表时间: 2021-09-18 16:36:43

作者: 厚载教育

来源: 厚载教育

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<p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">【摘要】为了帮助打好一级消防工程师技术实务基础,厚载教育小编整理了 "2021一级消防工程师技术实务考点 ",更多一消备考资料、模拟试题、考试动态,请关注厚载教育一级消防工程师考试频道!</p><p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); text-align: center;"><strong>辨识危险性</strong></p><p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><strong>(一)直接火灾</strong></p><p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">当可燃物质和氧气共存时,遇到火源就有可能发生火灾,这是大家所熟知的,称作直接火灾。但是应该注意某些物质发生直接火灾的可能性,如各类粉尘,包括有机塑料粉尘,染料粉尘,某些金属如铁、铝等粉尘,煤尘及谷物粉尘等,它们能和空气充分结合,有些还有吸附空气的能力,特别是在加工、运输、贮藏过程中,容易造成粉尘爆炸,产生严重后果。</p><p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">在石油和易燃液体加工过程中,液体本身很少和空气接触。但应该注意到某些设备创造了易燃液体必须和空气接触的条件,如贮罐的呼吸阀,当环境温度高时(中午时)排出多余的蒸气,环境温度低时(夜间或雨后),则又吸入周围的空气,因而就会在贮罐空间形成爆炸性的气体,遇到火花或静电就会发生爆炸。</p><p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><strong>(二)间接火灾</strong></p><p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">间接火灾系指受到外力破坏引起本身发生火灾的情况,如设备或其他容器遭受外来事故的波及,易燃物质外泄,遇火源发生事故。因此,在设计时要注意设备之间、装置之间、工厂之间的间距,就是要避免间接火灾的影响。</p><p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><strong>(三)自动反应</strong></p><p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">有些化学物质本身带有含氧分子团,不需外部供氧就能发生氧化反应。如炸药、过氧化物等,性质极不稳定,遇到冲击震动或其他刺激因素,就能发生火灾爆炸。另外,有一些化合物本身能聚合(不饱合烃类)和分解(如乙炔),受到温度、压力或贮存时间的影响,就会自动发生反应,造成火灾爆炸。</p><p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><strong>(四)人的因素</strong></p><p style="margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 32px; font-family: "PingFang SC", -apple-system, "Noto Sans", "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, "Nimbus Sans L", Arial, "Liberation Sans", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Noto Sans CJK SC", "Source Han Sans SC", "Source Han Sans CN", "Microsoft YaHei", "Wenquanyi Micro Hei", "WenQuanYi Zen Hei", "ST Heiti", SimHei, "WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp", sans-serif; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; text-indent: 25px; word-break: break-all; color: rgb(23, 25, 32); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">人的可靠性较低,往往由于生理和心理状态造成误操作而发生事故。如何对人进行教育训练,提高其可靠性,这是人机工程学所研究的主要课题。了解更多消防工程师资讯考试报名、缴费、资格审核等时间,您可以添加老师微信了解详情。</p><p><br/></p>
2021一级消防工程师技术实务考点:辨识危险性
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